Archive for April, 2010

Blog #8 Latin America

 
Fernando Botero
Circus Act, 2008

Fernando Botero was born in Medellin, Colombia in 1932 and is considered Latin America’s most famous and most beloved artist. He is a painter, sculptor, and draftsman and he was influenced heavily by both native and colonial art and architecture.

His Circus Series clearly shows his extravagantly rounded, robust forms that he is renowned for. They are recognizable around the world.

 I loved the whole Circus Series but the one I chose to post on here, Circus Act,  especially appealed to me. Although the woman is obviously a circus performer she is so serious and soulful. In all of his circus paintings the people are never smiling and their gaze is always distant as if they have a lot on their minds. Although the costumes are vibrant making the paintings appear colourful and bright the paintings are actually quite muted and sombre. In this painting there is strange vulnerability about the performer. Her small eyes, especially when compared to the largeness of the rest of her body, appear somewhat fearful to me. Although this painting is rather melancholy portraying the performers loneliness, it also has a certain humour about it due to the unique distinctive exaggerated human form.

http://www.boterosa.org/biography/index.html

http://www.the-athenaeum.org/art/full.php?ID=40666

Blog #7 African Art

 Wiz Kudowor, Flaming Passions, Date unknown.

Wisdom ‘Wiz’ Kudowor (born September 19, 1957) is currently one of Ghana’s most respected and applauded contemporary artists whose works recall traditional Ghanaian paintings and explore the themes of surrealism, spirituality and abstraction. “His work is surreal in that it pushes against the ordinary representation to portray staggeringly evocative truths about humanity”. 

When I initially glanced at this painting I did not see the two bodies embracing, but on closer inspection I first noticed the hand, which led me to see the bodies and face. This is a wonderfully evocative painting that reveals far more than you anticipate on first glance. I love its distinct cultural essence fluidity of movement as portrayed in the flames. I was also impressed how he cleverly disguised the bodies within an abstract theme. There is certain spirituality for me by using the flames to hide the bodies that are engulfed in the flames of passion. His technique is wonderfully intricate as the flames take the altered form as lovers in embrace.

http://www.african-encounters.com/artist_gallery.aspx?aid=3

Blog #6 – Modern Architectural Marvels or Expensive Eyesores?

As architectural design changes over time so does the traditional landscape of European cities. The buildings I have chosen to look at are considered by many as modern architectural marvels but others see them as expensive eyesores. I have chosen buildings in London with the exception of the Pompidou Centre in Paris, as I could not discuss modern architecture without mentioning what has become one of the most remarkable buildings of the twentieth century.

Pompidou Centre, Paris, 1971-1977

Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers

Renzo Piano was born in Genoa, Italy in 1937. From 1959 to 1964 he studied at the Milan Politecnico, where he taught until 1968. In 1970 Piano established a partnership with the English architect Richard Rogers. President Georges Pompidou wanted to create an original cultural institution in the heart of Paris focussed on modern and contemporary creation and held a competition which was won by Piano and Rogers. They were required to complete an architectural project that had to meet the criteria of “interdisciplinarity, freedom of movement and flow, and an open approach to exhibition areas”. The Pompidou Centre was built with steel and was shocking with its colour-coded plumbing and its exhibitionist structure and was regarded as ugly by traditionalists when it was first built but it is now seen as an “enormous achievement, technically and conceptually”. This is truly a fun building and I love the flowing design and the innovative way they freed up space inside by placing the escalators on the outside of the building.

Richard Rogers was born in Florence, Italy in 1933. He attended the Architectural Association School in London before graduating from Yale University. After the completion of the Pompidou Centre in Paris, the Richard Rogers Partnership was formed. His works reject the classical past and his interest in uninterrupted interior spaces has made Rogers an heir to the functionalist tradition. His concern with total flexibility and obvious technical imagery has been termed Late Modern.

Lloyds of London Building, London, 1978-1984

Richard Rogers Partnership

After winning another competition, to replace the existing headquarters of Lloyd’s with a new structure Rogers took the technological expressionism of the Pompidou Centre to its extreme. With this project Rogers was inspired by a determination to work with the visual grain of the city and did not want the building to look out of place, I really like the aesthetics of the building but some feel it is out of place and it is known by some as the inside-out building. Like the Pompidou Centre, the building was innovative in having its services such as staircases, lifts, electrical power conduits and water pipes on the outside, leaving an uncluttered space inside. The twelve glass lifts were the first of their kind in the UK.

Millennium Dome, London, 1996-2000

Richard Rogers Partnership

The Millennium Dome was commissioned to mark the beginning of the new Millennium, it was an exposition hall made of a fabric enclosure with tensile support and “was intended as a celebratory, iconic, non-hierarchical structure offering a vast, flexible space”. The Dome attracted intense media coverage and generated more political and public debate than any other British building of the last 100 years. the building itself was remarkably inexpensive. More than 6 million people visited the attraction during 2000, me included. There was a wide variety of exhibits and an amazing show similar to the Cirque du Soleil shows. Although I like this monumental building for me it is not as aesthetically pleasing as some of the others included here but I did feel it was worthy of being included.The Dome has now become the home of the O2 arena, one of the UK’s most popular music venues.

Norman Foster was born in Manchester, England in 1935. He received his architectural training at Manchester University School of Architecture, which he entered at age 21, and Yale University, where he met Richard Rogers. He worked with Richard Rogers and Sue Rogers and his wife, Wendy Foster, as a member of “Team 4” until Foster Associates was founded in London in 1967. Foster has generated a sophisticated architecture based in technology and his firm’s work shows a dedication to architectural detailing and craftsmanship.

Millennium Bridge, London, 1996-2000

Foster and Partners

The Millennium Bridge was developed with sculptor Anthony Caro and engineers Arup, the commission resulted from an international competition. A shallow suspension structure, it is London’s only pedestrian bridge and the first new Thames crossing since Tower Bridge in 1894.The bridge has a uniquely thin profile, forming a slender arc across the water, and spanning the greatest possible distance with the minimum means. The bridge opened in June 2000 and an astonishing 100,000 people crossed it during the first weekend. However, under this heavy traffic the bridge exhibited greater than expected lateral movement, and as a result it was temporarily closed. Extensive research and testing revealed that synchronised pedestrian walking caused this movement. The solution was to fit dampers discreetly beneath the deck which proved highly successful and the research undertaken by the engineers has resulted in changes to the codes for bridge building worldwide. Although not a building I chose this bridge, as it is a wonderful modern achievement that springs from a dynamic collaboration between engineering, art and architecture.

London City Hall, London, 1998-2003

Foster and Partners

The goal was to create a headquarters building for London’s mayor and the Greater London Authority that would become a new landmark for the capital. It is a visionary feat of design and engineering. Its shape is derived from a geometrically modified sphere and portrays a revolutionary appearance. It seemed initially that the new city hall would be slightly out of context, given its location near historic landmarks, the Tower of London and Tower Bridge, but as the surrounding buildings rise around it, London City Hall begins to “perform its duty as a trendsetter for the future of London”.

Swiss Re Tower, London, 1997-2004

Foster and Partners

Set in London’s financial district and officially known as the Swiss Re Tower this buildings distinctive shape has already made it recognizable landmark. The 590-foot- high, 40-story, 76,400-square-meter Swiss Re Tower is said to be London’s first environmental skyscraper. The idea behind the overall form is to forge a connection with nature and although dubbed “Gherkin,” the spiral in its shape more resembles a pinecone. The tower’s uniqueness is reflected in the fact that there is little chance of a duplicate being built. It has become a recognized addition to the city’s high-profile skyline that includes St Paul’s Cathedral, which speaks volumes for its impact and acceptability. However there are those who see the new tower as a building out of context with its surroundings.

There are obviously numerous modern buildings being added to European cities that are changing the traditional landscape, which for many are considered eyesores rather than visionary marvels. I chose these buildings as to me they portrayed a good example of the variety of modern architecture and how it can be blended into historical surroundings. I actually like all of the buildings included here, they are all truly amazing architectural designs and due to the approach of each of the architects I feel they add to rather than detract from the London skyline.

http://www.cnac-gp.fr/pompidou/Communication.nsf/

http://www.architectureweek.com/2003/0226/design_1-3.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lloyd’s_building

http://www.richardrogers.co.uk/work/all_projects/millennium_dome

http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/

http://www.e-architect.co.uk/

Blog #5 Gaudi

Gaudi’s beloved unfinished masterpiece.

Placa de la Sagrada Familia, 1883-1926, Barcelona Spain, Antoni Gaudi

Antoni Gaudi was one of the most important modernist style architects worldwide, his attempt to build a 20th century “expressionist” cathedral – the Sagrada Familia – is probably his best known work. This still unfinished project preoccupied his life from 1914 until his death in 1926. In this project Gaudi joined the Neo-Gothic and Art Nouveau styles to create an entirely original style and produce one of the most dramatic architectural compositions of the 19th century.

When work began in 1882, the original architects, bricklayers and labourers worked in a traditional way, but when Gaudi took over the project in 1883 he tried to take advantage of all the modern techniques available. He had railway tracks laid with small wagons to bring in the materials, used cranes to lift the weights and had the workshops located on the site to make the work easier.

As this project was being funded entirely on donations it was not affected by World War I unlike some of his other projects, such as Parc Guell, which was finished incomplete from the original plans in 1914, due to the onset of World War I and diminished support from the bourgeoisie.

Gaudi was an ingenious architect and is as remarkable for his innovations in technology as for his aesthetic genius. He applied structural solutions learnt by observing nature and the Cathedrals structure “is formed based on leaning columns, with abundant ramifications in the upper sections, whose branches hold up small fragments of hyperboloid vaults, which produce the effect of a forest”. He constructed various models with weights that enabled him to achieve his unusual building shapes and he is greatly admired for his use of the hyperbolic paraboloid form.

The photos included here are some of the ones I took when I visited the Cathedral in 2004. They really do not do this wondrous architectural masterpiece justice, as it is truly the most amazing work of art. I was in awe at the imagination and depth of detail of Gaudi’s design and no matter how much I describe how incredible it is I do not feel words can do it justice. The last link I have included is to the website for the Sagrada Familia which has a variety of other fantastic photos, enjoy!

http://www.answers.com/topic/antoni-gaud

http://www.gaudiclub.com/ingles/I_VIDA/i_sagr4.html

http://www.sagradafamilia.cat/sf-eng/docs_instit/images.htm